报告题目：On the use of brain-computer interfaces outside scientific laboratories: toward an application in domotic environments
摘要：Brain-computer interface (BCI) applications were initially designed to provide final users with special capabilities, like writing letters on a screen, to communicate with others without muscular effort. In these last few years, the BCI scientific community has been interested in bringing BCI applications outside the scientific laboratories, initially to provide useful applications in everyday life and in future in more complex environments, such as space. Recently, we implemented a control of a domestic environment realized with BCI applications. In the present chapter, we analyze the methodological approach employed to allow the interaction between subjects and domestic devices by use of noninvasive EEG recordings. In particular, we analyze whether the cortical activity estimated from noninvasive EEG recordings could be useful in detecting mental states related to imagined limb movements. We estimate cortical activity from high-resolution EEG recordings in a group of healthy subjects by using realistic head models. Such cortical activity was estimated in a region of interest associated with the subjects ' Brodmann areas by use of depth-weighted minimum norm solutions. Results show that the use of the estimated cortical activity instead of unprocessed EEG improves the recognition of the mental states associated with limb-movement imagination in a group of healthy subjects. The BCI methodology here presented has been used in a group of disabled patients to give them suitable control of several electronic devices disposed in a three-room environment devoted to neurorehabilitation. Four of six patients were able to control several electronic devices in the domotic context with the BCI system, with a percentage of correct responses averaging over 65%.
Fabio Babiloni 教授，2000年毕业于芬兰赫尔辛基工业大学，获得博士学位。现在罗马大学医学院从事生物医学工程研究工作。现任Clinical Neurophysiology, IEEE Trans TNSRE, ISBEM和CIN等国际期刊的副主编，美国国家科学基金会、法国科学研究基金等的论文审稿人。至今，已发表96篇期刊文章（影响因子总和2568）和150多篇会议文章。